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Regular Expressions Cheatsheet (PCRE)

 

 

Regular Expression Basics

.

Any character except newline

a

The character a

ab

The string ab

a|b

a or b

a*

0 or more a's

\

Escapes a special character

 

 

Regular Expression Quantifiers

*

0 or more

+

1 or more

?

0 or 1

{2}

Exactly 2

{2, 5}

Between 2 and 5

{2,}

2 or more

Default is greedy. Append ? for reluctant.

 

Regular Expression Groups

(...)

Capturing group

(?P<Y>...)

Capturing group named Y

(?:...)

Non-capturing group

(?>...)

Atomic group

(?|...)

Duplicate group numbers

\Y

Match the Y'th captured group

(?P=Y)

Match the named group Y

(?R)

Recurse into entire pattern

(?Y)

Recurse into numbered group Y

(?&Y)

Recurse into named group Y

\g{Y}

Match the named or numbered group Y

\g<Y>

Recurse into named or numbered group Y

(?#...)

Comment

 

Regular Expression Character Classes

[ab-d]

One character of: a, b, c, d

[^ab-d]

One character except: a, b, c, d

[\b]

Backspace character

\d

One digit

\D

One non-digit

\s

One whitespace

\S

One non-whitespace

\w

One word character

\W

One non-word character

 

 

Regular Expression Assertions

^

Start of string

\A

Start of string, ignores m flag

$

End of string

\Z

End of string, ignores m flag

\b

Word boundary

\B

Non-word boundary

\G

Start of match

(?=...)

Positive lookahead

(?!...)

Negative lookahead

(?<=...)

Positive look-behind

(?<!...)

Negative look-behind

(?()|)

Conditional

 

 

Regular Expression Escapes

\Q..\E

Remove special meaning

 

Regular Expression Flags

-i

Ignore case

m

^ and $ match start and end of line

s

. matches newline as well

x

Allow spaces and comments

J

Duplicate group names allowed

U

Ungreedy quantifiers

(?iLmsux)

Set flags within regex

 

 

Regular Expression Special Characters

\n

Newline

\r

Carriage return

\t

Tab

\0

Null character

\YYY

Octal character YYY

\xYY

Hexadecimal character YY

\x{YY}

Hexadecimal character YY

\cY

Control character Y

 

 

Regular Expression Posix Classes

[[:alnum:]]

Letters and digits

[[:alpha:]]

Letters

[[:ascii:]]

ASCII codes 0 - 127

[[:blank:]]

Space or tab only

[[:cntrl:]]

Control characters

[[:digit:]]

Decimal digits

[[:graph:]]

Visible characters, except space

[[:lower:]]

Lowercase letters

[[:print:]]

Visible characters

[[:punct:]]

Visible punctuation characters

[[:space:]]

Whitespace

[[:upper:]]

Uppercase letters

[[:word:]]

Word characters

[[:xdigit:]]

Hexadecimal digits

 

 

This guide is based on the information provided by

https://www.debuggex.com/cheatsheet/regex/pcre

Last modified: Tuesday, January 24, 2017

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